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Current Concepts in Preventive Dentistry

Connie M. Kracher, PhD, MSD

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  1. Preventive dentistry started in the ________________.

    • 1950’s
    • 1960’s
    • 1970’s
    • 1990’s
  2. Dental caries can be defined as ________________.

    • transmissible
    • broad spectrum
    • circumscribed
    • carcinogenic
  3. A carious lesion is considered incipient when it is located only in the ________________.

    • enamel
    • DEJ
    • dentin
    • pulp cavity
  4. ___________ acid is produced in the oral cavity after the ingestion of carbohydrates.

    • Carbonic
    • Lactic
    • Hydrochloric
    • Sulfuric
  5. ___________ is the type of early stage bacteria that causes dental caries.

    • Lactobacilli
    • Streptococci mutans
    • Porphyromonas gingivalis
    • Prevotella
  6. ___________ is the nutrient required to cause dental caries.

    • Lipids
    • Proteins
    • Fats
    • Carbohydrates
  7. The oral pathology lesion that is associated with fungus is ________________.

    • candidal leukoplakia
    • erythroplakia
    • squamous cell carcinoma
    • malignant melanoma
  8. The pathology that is associated with sun exposure is ________________.

    • candidal leukoplakia
    • erythroplakia
    • squamous cell carcinoma
    • malignant melanoma
    • Both C and D
  9. It takes only ___________ for dental plaque to double in mass.

    • two days
    • twelve hours
    • twenty-four hours
    • two weeks
  10. Recent research studies link calculus as the contributing factor to periodontal disease rather than plaque. Daily removal of biofilm is critical to reduce oral diseases.

    • Both statements are true.
    • The first statement is true. The second statement is false.
    • The first statement is false. The second statement is true.
    • Both statements are false.
  11. The preferred toothbrushing method for children is ________________.

    • Charters technique
    • Modified Bass technique
    • Stillman technique
    • Fones technique
  12. The flossing method preferred for children is the ________________.

    • spool technique
    • circle or loop technique
  13. When teaching your patient to floss, the floss should be approximately _____________ in length.

    • 18 inches
    • 10 inches
    • 13 inches
    • 29 inches
  14. If a patient has large spaces or diastemas, the recommended auxiliary aid/s are ________________.

    • wooden/plastic triangular sticks
    • interproximal and uni-tufted brushes
    • dental floss
    • Both A and B
  15. Professional topical fluoride applications are based upon ________________.

    • the caries risk factors of the individual patient
    • what type of fluoride you have on hand
    • the number of restorations present
    • if the patient is caries free
  16. Sodium fluoride is used in a(n) _________% solution.

    • 2
    • 6
    • 8
    • 10
  17. A professional prophylaxis is required prior to the application of professional topical fluoride products.  About one-fourth of U.S. adults are affected with root surface caries by age 70.

    • Both statements are true.
    • The first statement is true. The second statement is false.
    • The first statement is false. The second statement is true.
    • Both statements are false.
  18. __________________ has become the topical fluoride of choice by public health professionals and private dental practices.

    • Stannous fluoride
    • APF fluoride
    • Fluoride varnish
    • Sodium fluoride
  19. Fluoride content in acidulated phosphate fluoride is approximately _________ percent.

    • 2.03
    • 1.23
    • 3.04
    • 4.12
  20. For adequate sealant retention, the tooth must ________________.

    • have no pits for optimum retention
    • be moistened before placement
    • be clean and fully dried before placement
    • be shiny and translucent prior to placement
  21. According to studies, root surface caries has _______________in the last 20 years.

    • decreased
    • increased
    • remained constant
    • no pattern
  22. The fluoridated prescription dentifrice that professionals recommend to patients to significantly reduce root surface caries is ________________.

    • stannous fluoride
    • sodium fluoride
    • acidulated phosphate fluoride
    • sodium bicarbonate
  23. The patient should not eat or drink anything for ________ minutes after a professional fluoride application.

    • 5-10 minutes
    • 20-30 minutes
    • 1 hour
    • It is not necessary to wait.
  24. Contraindications for placement of a sealant is (are) ________________.

    • an open carious lesion exists
    • an occlusal restoration is already present
    • the patients behavior does not permit a dry isolated field
    • All of the above.
  25. One can of regular soda contains _______ teaspoons of sugar.

    • 2
    • 6
    • 8
    • 10
  26. In sports injuries, males are traumatized twice as often as females. The mandibular central incisor is the most commonly injured tooth.

    • Both statements are true.
    • The first statement is true. The second statement is false.
    • The first statement is false. The second statement is true.
    • Both statements are false.
  27. Concerning mouthguards, the literature indicates the behavior of athletes is most influenced by their ________________.

    • coach
    • dentist
    • parent
    • peers
  28. The dental professional’s role in promoting sports safety is to ________________.

    • obtain good impressions for custom mouth guards
    • encourage coaches and parents to promote mouth guard use
    • give correct basic instructions immediately during an emergency
    • All of the above.
  29. The most common tooth injury regarding permanent dentition sports injuries is ________________.

    • crown fracture
    • root fracture
    • intrusion
    • avulsion
  30. The best success rate for a reimplanted avulsed tooth after a trauma is ___________________.

    • within 2 hours
    • between 2-3 hours
    • between 4-5 hours
    • between 6-10 hours

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