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Hand Hygiene: Infection Control/Exposure Control Issues for Oral Healthcare Workers

Géza T. Terézhalmy, DDS, MA; Michaell A. Huber, DDS

  1. CDC. Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2002;51(RR-16):1-45. Accessed August 23, 2016.
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  6. CDC. Summary of Infection Prevention Practices in Dental Settings: Basic Expectations for Safe Care - 2016. Accessed August 23, 2016.
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  17. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 29 CFR Part 1910.1030. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens; needlesticks and other sharps injuries; final rule. Federal Register 2001;66:5317-5325. As amended from and includes 29 CRF Part 1910.1030. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens; final rule Federal Register 1991;56:64174-64182. Accessed August 23, 2016.
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  19. Tenorio AR, Badri SM, Sahgal NB, et al. Effectiveness of gloves in the prevention of hand carriage of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus species by health care workers after patient care. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Mar 1;32(5):826-9. Epub 2001 Feb 23.
  20. Kotilainen HR, Brinker JP, Avato JL, et al. Latex and vinyl examination gloves: quality control procedures and implications for health care workers. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Dec;149(12):2749-53.
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  29. Hsueh PR, Teng LJ, Yang PC, et al. Nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by Bacillus cereus traced to contaminated ethyl alcohol from a liquor factory. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jul;37(7):2280-4.
  30. Widmer AF. Replace hand washing with use of a waterless alcohol hand rub? Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;31(1):136-43. Epub 2000 Jul 26.
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  35. Schnuch A, Uter W, Geier J, et al. Contact allergies in healthcare workers. Results from the IVDK. Acta Derm Venereol. 1998 Sep;78(5):358-63.
  36. Ophaswongse S, Maibach HI. Alcohol dermatitis: allergic contact dermatitis and contact urticaria syndrome. A review. Contact Dermatitis. 1994 Jan;30(1):1-6.
  37. Rilliet A, Hunziker N, Brun R. Alcohol contact urticaria syndrome (immediate-type hypersensitivity). Case report. Dermatologica. 1980;161(6):361-4.
  38. Institute for Healthcare Improvement. How-to guide: improving hand hygiene. A guide for improving practices among health care workers. 2006. Accessed August 23, 2016.
  39. Armellino D, Hussain E, Schilling ME, et al. Using high-technology to enforce low-technology safety measures: the use of third-party remote video auditing and real-time feedback in healthcare. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 1;54(1):1-7. doi: 10.1093/cid/cir773. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

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