The maxillary universal forceps #150 is employed when removing maxillary centrals, laterals, canines, premolars, and roots (According to: Boyd’s Dental Instruments, A Pocket Guide, 3rd ed.).
For maxillary premolars, the handles of the forceps need to be curved so the instrument can span the mandible and allow the simple beaks to be correctly placed. This type of forceps is called ‘Reade’s’ forceps (Figure 5). The #286 bayonet forceps is designed for removal of the premolar and single roots. The #65 forceps is a narrower version of this instrument and is used for root tip removal.
Maxillary molars, viewed from the buccal side, exhibit two roots, but on the palatal side there is a third root. The beak design takes into account the root surface difference in the maxillary teeth, so instruments are designated ”right (labeled “R”) and ”left” (labeled “L”). The handles are curved so that as the beaks are placed towards the molar region, the handles span the mandible and teeth. The #53 R and #53 L and the maxillary cowhorn forceps #88 R and #88 L (Figures 6 & 7) are bayonet forceps commonly used for these teeth.
|Figure 6.|| ||Figure 7.|
|88 R forceps|| ||88 L forceps|
|Reprinted with permission from Hu-Friedy, Instruments.|