Which of the following is NOT considered a component of the periodontium?
C. periodontal ligament
D. alveolar bone
Which of the following is NOT a histological component of the gingival connective tissue?
B. lymphatic vessels
C. collagen fibers
D. blood cells
What tissue surrounds the tooth and creates a cuff, or collar, of gingiva extending coronally approximately 1.5 mm from the CEJ?
A. periodontal ligament
B. free gingiva
C. attached gingiva
D. oral mucosa
What are the clinical observations noted during an examination of the gingiva indicating gingival health?
A. soft, loosely-attached gingiva (free and attached)
B. firm, snugly-attached gingiva (free and attached)
C. dark pink-purple colored gingiva (free and attached)
D. inflamed gingiva (free and attached)
Which of the following local factors contributing to gingival disease can be controlled by the oral hygiene procedures described in this course?
A. poorly aligned (crooked teeth)
C. unbalanced diet
D. heavy amounts of plaque present on the teeth
What is the current recommendation for toothbrushing and flossing in the maintenance of gingival health?
A. brushing once daily for 2-3 minutes, flossing twice daily preferably before brushing
B. brushing twice daily for 2-3 minutes, flossing at least once daily preferably before brushing
C. brushing twice daily for one minute, flossing at least once daily preferably after brushing
D. brushing 2-3 times daily for 20 seconds, flossing after brushing once a week
What is the appropriate depth of measurement for a healthy sulcus?
B. 1-3 mm
C. 2-4 mm
D. 3-5 mm
What instrument is used to measure the millimeter depth of a sulcus?
A. sulcus meter
B. periodontal mirror
C. periodontal gauge
D. periodontal probe
What effect on the gingiva do the local factors plaque, bacteria and calculus play?
A. local factors cause gingival shrinkage
B. local factors cause gingival healing
C. local factors cause gingival inflammation
D. local factors cause gingival growth
What relationship does tooth size have on the mass of the interdental papilla?
A. the smaller the tooth the larger the papilla
B. the larger the tooth the smaller the papilla
C. the larger the tooth the larger the papilla
D. tooth size does not relate to papilla size