It has been estimated that ______ % of the population suffers from bad breath on a regular basis in spite of good oral health?
Often times dental patients may be taking medications on a routine basis to maintain good health. Which one of the following types of medications does not contribute to the formation of bad breath?
Most authorities agree the majority of bad breath originates from _______________.
A. systemic diseases
B. bacterial putrefaction in the mouth
C. nasal cavity inflammation
D. the stomach
All of the following are examples of transient causes of breath odor EXCEPT:
A. Eating strong spicy foods
C. Tooth decay
When bad breath originates in the oral cavity the most common source is _______________.
A. the tongue
B. dental caries
C. periodontal disease
D. a reduction in salivary flow
Regardless of its source bad breath can _______________.
A. be detrimental to one's self image
B. cause psychological anxiety
C. reduce a person's self confidence
D. All of the above.
Which one of the following is not considered one of the predominate compounds contributing to the offensive odor of patients with bad breath?
A. Methyl mercaptan
B. Dimethy sulfide
D. Hydrogen sulfide
The most reliable method to confirm a patient has a chronic breath odor problem is to _______________.
A. complete a comprehensive medical history
B. perform a complete periodontal examination
C. assay the bacteria on the tongue
D. ask a trusted confidant, spouse, or close friend of patient for verification
To interview or counsel patients on personally sensitive topics such as breath odor, a clinician should do all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Set a separate room a side just for counseling purposes.
B. Be knowledge about the etiology and treatment interventions.
C. Be familiar with interviewing technique to facilitate open discussion.
D. Foster and environment of reduced anxiety and develop trust.
During a routine dental appointment you notice your patient has a persistent odor emanating from his/her mouth. As a dental professional you should _______________.
A. continue working and just avoid the subject
B. ask open ended questions that will encourage discussion about dental concerns and or products
C. stop patient treatment and reschedule for comprehensive examination
D. give the patient samples of a mouthwash
You suspect a patient is overly concerned about having a breath problem, but the patient is reluctant to discuss their concern. You should _______________.
A. just ask the patient if they have bad breath problem
B. give the patient bad breath educational brochures
C. inform the patient if they have any dental concerns or questions to contact you at any time
D. refer to a psychiatrist for counseling
One of the most common mistakes a clinician can make when counseling a patient about their dental concerns is _______________.
A. not establishing a good rapport with the patient
B. failing to listen to the patient
C. not providing the patient with written information
D. providing to much information
The ADA's Code of Professional Conduct for the dental profession stresses that dental professionals should do all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Preserve the inherent trust in the dentist-patient relationship.
B. Determine that treatment procedures are founded on accepted scientific knowledge or research.
C. Verify accuracy of manufacture's claims about dental products.
D. Sell dental products directly to patients.
The acronym P-LI-SS-IT stands for the 4 progressive levels in the communication model. Which one of the following is not a communication level in the P-LI-SS-IT model?
B. Limited Information
C. Specific Suggestions
D. Intensive Therapy
All of the following are true statements about the P-LI-SS-IT model of communication EXCEPT:
A. It is flexible for many treatment settings.
B. It should be used only for complex therapy.
C. It allows for a range of treatment choices.
D. It offers strategies for discussing personally sensitive topics.
All of the following are levels in P-LI-SS-IT model of communication. Which one of the following is not considered part of the brief therapy?
A. P – Permission
B. LI – Limited Information
C. SS – Specific Suggestions
D. IT – Intensive Therapy
All of the following statements about the first level of the P-LI-SS-IT model of communication, Permission, are true EXCEPT:
A. It is good for resolving specific problems.
B. It takes very little time.
C. Most patient concerns are resolved at this level.
D. It may be used in conjunction with other levels in the communication model.
In the second level of P-LI-SS-IT model of communication, Limited Information, the dental professional uses all of the following strategies EXCEPT:
A. Asks patient to describe specific problem/concern.
B. Reassure the patient that their problem/concern is normal.
C. Schedules a separate appointment for a comprehensive exam.
D. Provides factual information directly relevant to the specific problem.
Crest ® PRO-HEALTH™ toothpaste has the ADA Seal of Approval for which of the following benefits?
B. Dentin hypersensitivity
C. Oral malodor
D. All of the above.
All of the following statements about the Intensive Therapy Level are true EXCEPT:
A. Most professionals will have the appropriate training to initiate treatment in the Intensive Therapy Level.
B. An in-depth assessment will be required.
C. Treatment will probably require comprehensive therapeutic program.
D. The clinician will need to develop an Individualized treatment plan specific for patient needs.