Vitamins are calorie free, organic, essential molecules needed by the body in minute amounts. Vitamins belong in two groups: water-soluble and fat-soluble. Vitamins C and B are water-soluble and dissolve in water, while excesses are excreted by the body. Fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E, and K dissolve in fat and excesses are stored in our fat cells. Tables 1 and 2 list the type of vitamins, their function, food sources, and deficiency symptoms.7
Table 1. Water-soluble Vitamins: C, Bs.
|B1-Thiamin or thiamine|
Table 2. Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E, K.
|Vitamin A and Beta Carotene|