Which of the following is the definition of risk factor?
A. The probability that an event will occur.
B. The qualitative estimation of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specific hazards.
C. An environmental, biological, behavioral or social factor that directly increases the probability of a disease occurring if it is present.
D. The possibility that an event will occur.
When taking the patient’s medical history, why is it important to look for clues that could lead to dry mouth?
A. Dry mouth is a factor linked to increased risk of caries because there is insufficient saliva present in the oral cavity to remineralize teeth in an acid attack.
B. Dry mouth causes oral cancer.
C. Dry mouth is always a sign of serious illness.
D. Dry mouth is associated with an increased incidence of tartar growth.
____________ is a condition that leads to dry mouth.
B. Sjögren’s Syndrome
C. Dental erosion
_______________ medications are NOT usually linked to dry mouth.
Why are patients undergoing radiotherapy at risk for dry mouth?
A. Radiotherapy reduces moisture levels in the body.
B. Radiotherapy causes an autoimmune reaction that dries the body’s tissues.
C. Radiotherapy causes damage to the salivary acinar cells, thereby hindering saliva production.
D. Radiotherapy can cause excessive heat that may cause overall mouth dryness.
How can a dental professional tell if a patient has dry mouth?
A. Ask the patient if he or she is experiencing discomfort because the mouth feels dry.
B. Check to see if saliva is dark-colored.
C. Look to see if the mouth mirror sticks to mucosal surfaces.
D. A and C
From a patient’s dental history, which of the following will indicate high caries risk?
A. A history of multiple restorations.
B. History of a trauma that chipped a tooth.
C. Teeth with white enamel stains.
D. A history of using whitening toothpaste.
What is information is not needed when collecting a patient’s dental history?
A. What toothpaste is used.
B. How often the teeth are cleaned.
C. What their caries-causing dietary habits are.
D. What kind of insurance the patient has.
During the clinical exam, which of the following is a site that is more likely to have caries?
A. A front tooth that has a white enamel discoloration.
B. Front teeth with a gap in between.
C. Restorations with faulty margins.
D. A tooth that is smooth.
Which of the following might help a patient with cleaning carious lesions?
A. Suggesting a different angle for brushing the diseased area.
B. Showing the patient where the lesion is with a radiograph and/or help of a mirror.
C. Saying they should listen to you because you are a professional.
D. A and B
What is the typical amount of fluoride usually formulated into toothpastes sold in the U.S.?
A. 500 ppm to 1000 ppm
B. 850 ppm to 1150 ppm
C. 2000 ppm to 2500 ppm
D. 2500 ppm to 3000 ppm
In a patient with active lesions, how can a dentist determine what dietary factors or habits are caries culprits?
A. Ask the patient to recall all they have consumed in a 24-hour period.
B. The dentist can tell a lot from just looking at the caries lesions.
C. Ask the patient to take a detailed record of all they consume over a 3-day period.
D. A and C
Which of the following is true regarding recalling the patient after a dentist visit?
A. Patients without active caries should return to the dentist four times a year.
B. Patients at higher risk for caries and who do not have mastery over their plaque control may need to return every 2 to 3 weeks until plaque control has reached an acceptable level.
C. Patients without dry mouth should be seen every two years.
D. Patients should check with their insurance provider to determine if there is a need for any follow-up treatment.
Which of the following is NOT a tip that can help patients with dry mouth?
A. Sip water frequently.
B. Use a saliva substitute.
C. Drink caffeinated beverages.
D. Chew sugar-free gums.
______ percent of elderly occupants in residential homes asked their caregivers to help clean their mouths?