The average adult breathes approximately __________ times per day.
The larynx is a _______________.
A. small, square structure that leads into the lower respiratory system
B. large, round structure that leads into the lower respiratory system
C. small, triangular structure that leads into the lower respiratory system
The sympathetic nervous system regulates involuntary functions, including heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and respiration in response to emotional stress and/or physical exertion.
Agonists bind to receptors to stimulate a specific response, while antagonists bind to receptors to block a specific response.
Antagonists bind to receptors to stimulate a specific response, while agonists bind to receptors to block a specific response.
Three layers make up the walls of the trachea and bronchi:
A. Respiratory mucosa, sub membrane and mucosa
B. Respiratory mucosa, basement membrane and submucosa
C. Mucosa and submucosa
More than ____________ people in the United States have asthma.
A. 25 million
B. 100 million
C. 144 million
D. 222 million
Asthma is considered persistent when symptoms occur more than _______________.
A. two days per week or more than two nights per month
B. four days per week or more than two nights per month
C. two days per week or more than eight nights per month
Whereas a patient with symptoms throughout the day, nighttime awakenings every week or two, daily use of SABAs and some limitation of normal activity may be classified as having _______________.
A. intermittent asthma
B. severe persistent asthma
C. mild persistent asthma
Asthma is assigned to the most severe category of any one finding.
Step down in therapy can be considered following at least _______________.
A. three days of well-controlled asthma
B. three weeks of well-controlled asthma
C. two months of well-controlled asthma
D. three months of well-controlled asthma
The goals of asthma therapy include _______________.
A. identify symptoms
B. infrequent use of inhaled SABA for quick symptom relief
C. reduce pulmonary function
The Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3) was released in __________.
Asthma medications may fall into two categories:
A. Preventers and Controllers
B. Relievers and Rescuers
C. Relievers and Controllers
There are three types of inhalation devices usually used for the control and treatment of asthma, the pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI), the dry powder inhaler (DPI) and the nebulizer.