Fixed orthodontic appliances _______________.
A. allows easy access for plaque removal
B. are only used in order to prevent relapse
C. will not assist in compliance of wear time
D. may be functional in nature through using orofacial muscles to add force for movement
Biofilm is _______________.
A. an orthodontic radiograph
B. a functional appliance that is cemented in the patient’s mouth
C. used on brackets to prevent injury to the soft tissues
D. matrix of microbial societies, which communicate with one another
In the Cochrane Study, orthodontic patients had ______% reduction of gingivitis after 3 months of power toothbrush usage as compared to manual toothbrushing.
_______________ are living microorganisms used in dentistry to help decrease incidences of dental caries and periodontal disease.
A. Fluoride lozenges
Fluorapatite is considered _______________ as compared to hydroxyapatite.
A. higher in calcium ions
B. higher in phosphate
C. more structurally and chemically sound
D. a stronger bonding agent
Streptococcus mutans assists Lactobacillus in the caries process by _______________.
A. creating a by-product to feed and energize it
B. increasing an acidic environment causing demineralization allowing easier penetration
C. eliminating competing bacteria
D. facilitating the amount of plaque present
The presence of _______________ demonstrates good periodontal health.
Xylitol is _______________.
A. used to kill all streptococcus bacteria
B. present in all toothpastes
C. a product used to prevent caries
D. only present within a tropical fruit found in the rain forests of the Amazon
_______________ was originally approved by the FDA for sensitivity use.
D. Fluoride varnish
_______________ is used as an orthodontic cement having the ability to release fluoride.
A. Glass ionomer
A functional appliance is one that utilizes jaw movement and muscle action to produce ___________________.
A. a higher flow of saliva to prevent decay
B. an outcome that does not require any retention
C. additional room in the jaw to eliminate 3rd molar removal
D. selection force on the teeth and jaws
A five-carbon sweetener that is considered a sugar alcohol is _______________.
_______________ has shown to decrease the amount of fluoride needed in the remineralization process.
C. Tricalcium phosphate
A ligature is _______________.
A. an orthodontic appliance
B. used to help improve pronunciation in orthodontic patients
C. another term for archwire
D. used to tie the wire to the bracket
Oral irrigation has shown significant reductions in plaque and bleeding in as little as ______ weeks of use.