Test Preview

  1. Pain is __________.
  1. Nociception or pain perception is __________.
  1. Which of the following are noxious stimuli that affect “high-threshold” primary afferent sensory neurons or nociceptors?
  1. Which of the following are chemical activators of nociceptors?
  1. Which of the following statements associated with bradykinin is correct?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with reference to the activation of peripheral sensory neurons?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with reference to neuronal transmission in the trigeminal nucleus?
  1. Which of the following statement is correct with respect to secondary or tertiary afferent neurons?
  1. Pain arising rapidly after tissue injury, which is perceived as sharp, bright, well-localized, but not particularly persistent, i.e., first pain, is most likely due to the activation of __________.
  1. Pain arising slowly after injury, which is perceived as burning, aching, dull, poorly localized, and persistent, i.e., second pain, is most likely due to the activation of __________.
  1. Which of the following endogenous ligands are major inhibitory neurotransmitters?
  1. The term perception (attention and cognition), when applied to pain refers to the __________.
  1. Which of the following pharmacological considerations is correct with respect to analgesics?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to APAP except which one?
  1. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors block the synthesis of prostaglandin PGE2, which is known to produce all of the following physiological effects except which one? PGE2 __________.
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to ASA except which one?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to COX-inhibitors except which one?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to NSAIDs? NSAIDs are __________.
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to opioid-receptor agonists?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to morphine or oxycodone except which one?
  1. Which of the following statement are correct with respect to codeine?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to hydrocodone except which one?
  1. Which of the following statements are correct with respect to tramadol or tapentadol?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statement is correct with respect to the treatment of mild odontogenic pain?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statements is correct with respect to the treatment of moderate odontogenic pain?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statements is correct with respect to the treatment of moderate odontogenic pain?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statements is correct with respect to the treatment of severe odontogenic pain?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statements is correct with respect to the use of tramadol or tapentadol in the treatment of odontogenic pain?
  1. Based on available evidence, which of the following statements is correct with respect to the preemptive effect of NSAIDs?
  1. Which of the following segments are correct with respect to the use of adjuvant drugs in pain management?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the placebo effect of analgesics?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to APAP?
  1. All of the following statements with respect to NSAID-related prescribing precautions are correct except which one?
  1. Which of the following statements with respect to NSAID-related prescribing precautions is correct?
  1. All of the following statements with respect to NSAID-related prescribing precautions are correct except which one?
  1. Which of the following statements related to opioid overdose is correct?
  1. Which of the following statements with respect to opioid-receptor agonist-related prescribing precautions is correct?
  1. Which of the following statements with respect to opioid-receptor agonist-related prescribing precautions is correct?
  1. Which of the following statements with respect to opioid-receptor agonist-related prescribing precautions is correct?
  1. Which of the following statements with respect to opioid-receptor agonist-related prescribing precautions is correct?