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  1. The first smokeless non-tobacco cigarette device was patented by _______________.
  1. _______________ was credited with the first generation e-cigarette that used a piezoelectric element to vaporize the liquid containing nicotine.
  1. All the major cigarette companies such as Altria, Reynolds and Lorillard market e-cigarettes now.
  1. Most basic cartridges are called cartomizers, these cartridges are prefilled with e-liquid and they are disposable.
  1. The liquid nicotine or the “E-Juice” contained in the cartridge is a solution of propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin (commonly used in conjunction), nitrogen, artificial flavoring and nicotine.
  1. Propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin is _______________ and additives in medicine.
  1. E-liquids commonly come in all of the following except _______________.
  1. E-cigarettes are advertised in magazines, convenience stores, internet web sites and social media networks.
  1. According to the Philadelphia Department of Public Health, in 2010, _______________ of adults were aware of e-cigarettes and 10% of tobacco smokers had used an e-cigarette recently.
  1. While awareness is high in the adult population and the most common reasons for using e-cigarettes as stated by consumers are to help with cravings, to use less toxic alternatives to regular cigarettes, to avoid relapse, and to attempt to cut down or quit smoking, e-cigarettes have not been shown to be effective for cessation.
  1. E-cigarette use in the U.S. is currently regulated by the federal government, and may be legally sold in the United States under federal law.
  1. The FDA posts adverse event reports it has received concerning electronic cigarettes since 2008. To date, _______________ adverse events concerning e-cigarettes have been reported, including four reports of mouth irritation and/or gums bleeding.
  1. At this time ENDS are a proven method to help in tobacco cessation and regulated by the FDA.
  1. Growing evidence from research suggest potential gum and tissue damages from e-cigarette vapors that containing formaldehyde.
  1. The flavors with more of a triggered inflammatory response were __________.
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