The chemical that is used to test orally, using a taste strip, for a supertaster is:
Supertasters account for approximately ______________ of the population.
Subtasters account for approximately ______________ of the population.
The most prevalent class(es) of supertasters would be:
A. Asians and women
D. African Americans
E. women, Asians and African Americans
It is known through research that a supertaster:
A. is influenced early in life to reject vegetables through behavioral conditioning
B. is genetically marked as a supertaster
C. learns through food choices, to be a supertaster
D. may be a subtaster as well as a supertaster
E. may learn to be a subtaster
The current generation may be the first to:
A. have a decreased life span compared to previous generations
B. develop diabetes at a higher rate than previous generations
C. develop obesity at a higher rate than previous generations
D. develop oral disease states including caries at a higher rate
E. A, B, & C are correct.
Bitter taste receptors T2Rs (Select BEST answer):
A. detect the saliva output
B. are instrumental in detecting compound containing sucrose
C. are sensitive to compounds that may be detrimental to digestion
D. detect bitter, harmful compounds and secreted bacterial products
E. detect bitter compounds
You may evaluate a supertaster by using a PROP test strip, taking a good health history or to confirm by:
A. taking a diet analysis
B. counting the fungiform papillae in a designated space
C. taking intraoral images
D. asking about family history
E. genetic testing
Sub-tasters or non-tasters tend to eat which of the following types of foods?
A. bland, low-taste food items
B. very few vegetables
C. many low-fat foods
D. highly spicy foods
E. no cheese or fatty meats
Which of the following statements is false?
A. early in life we have as many as 10,000 taste buds
B. each taste bud contains three types of cells
C. the taste buds contain an opening to the outside called a pore
D. each pore has a gustory hair that extends to the outside of the taste bud
E. taste buds are only found on the tongue and soft palate
A patient with burning mouth may complain about:
A. a salty taste
B. taste changes
C. a sour taste
D. a bitter or metallic taste
E. maybe all of these
Which of the following are synonymous when referring to the five primary tastes?
A. bitter and sour
B. alkaline and sour
C. savory and umami
D. sweet and acidic
E. salty and astringent
The group of papillae not containing taste buds is:
A. the fungiform
B. the filiform
C. the valate
D. the folate
E. All papillae contain taste buds.
Taste buds contain a ______________ hair that extends to the outside of the taste bud:
Supertasters have a heightened sense of:
E. All senses are heightened.
The nerve that may be injured during a tonsillectomy and cause taste changes is the ______________.
D. chorda tympani
A. a feeling of sandiness or roughness
B. a psychological disorder
E. a fatty texture sensation
The taste strip medication containing PROP is derived and prepared in a very low concentration from a medication used to treat:
B. Parkinson’s Disease
C. Multiple sclerosis
D. Graves' Disease
E. ALS or Lou Gehrig’s Disease
A sub-taster in most cases, will have which of the following reactions to PROP?
A. a sweet taste
B. a sour taste
C. decreased taste
D. a metallic taste
E. a spicy taste
Supertasters appear to have increased susceptibility to:
A. multiple sclerosis
D. parkinson’s disease
E. oral cancer
Sub-tasters or non-taster children have been shown to consume ______________?
A. less vegetables
B. foods that
contribute to more caries
C. high sugar foods
D. high fat foods
E. All of the above are true.
Middle aged women who are non-tasters have been found to be ______________ in comparison to the general population or super-tasters.
E. more muscular
A concern for supertasters is that avoidance of green vegetables such as kale, broccoli, brussels sprouts may increase the rates of ______________ over time.
B. kidney disease
C. colon cancer
D. heart disease
Supertasters have been found to use less:
A. cola drinks
Alcohol may be better preferred more often by which of the following:
A. sub-tasters or non-tasters
B. older individuals
C. general populations
D. those with decreased taste on anterior tongue
E. All of the above.