References

  1. Dorland WAN. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. Philadelphia, PA. Saunders/Elsevier, 2012.
  2. WHO. Health for the world's adolescents. A second chance in the second decade. Geneva. World Health Organization, 2014. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  3. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Osterman MJK, et al. Births: Final data for 2013. National vital statistics reports. Vol. 64(1). Hyattsville, MD. National Center for Health Statistics, 2015. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  4. Kost K, Henshaw S. U.S. teenage pregnancies, births and abortions, 2010: National and state trends by age, race and ethnicity. New York. Guttmacher Institute, 2014. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  5. United Nations Statistics Division. Demographic Yearbook 2009-2010: Live births by age of mother and sex of child, general and age-specific fertility rates: latest available year 2000-2009, and 2010. New York, NY. United Nations, 2014. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  6. Haffner DW. Facing Facts: Sexual Health for America's Adolescents. The Report of the National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health. New York, NY. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), 1995. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  7. Klein JD, American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence. Adolescent pregnancy: current trends and issues. Pediatrics. 2005 Jul;116(1):281-6.
  8. Kirby D. Emerging Answers: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy (summary). Washington, DC. National Campaign to Prevent Teenage Pregnancy, 2001. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  9. Rudlin K. Teen pregnancy risk factors. Women’s Health Queensland Wide, Southeastern Idaho District Health Department. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  10. Bradley T, Cupples ME, Irvine H. A case control study of a deprivation triangle: teenage motherhood, poor educational achievement and unemployment. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2002 Apr-Jun;14(2):117-23.
  11. Forrest JD. Timing of reproductive life stages. Obstet Gynecol. 1993;82(1):105-11.
  12. Healthy People. 2020 Topics and objectives: Tobacco use. Washington DC. US Department of Health and Human Services. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  13. Kurien S, Kattimani VS, Sriram RR, et al. Management of pregnant patient in dentistry. J Int Oral Health. 2013 Feb;5(1):88-97.
  14. Charles JM. Dental care in children with developmental disabilities: attention deficit disorder, intellectual disabilities, and autism. J Dent Child (Chic). 2010 May-Aug;77(2):84-91.
  15. Hilgers KK, Douglass J, Mathieu GP. Adolescent pregnancy: a review of dental treatment guidelines. Pediatr Dent. 2003 Sep-Oct;25(5):459-67.
  16. US Census Bureau. Disability Characteristics. 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, S1810. Accessed March 19, 2015.
  17. Gaffield ML, Gilbert BJ, Malvitz DM, et al. Oral health during pregnancy: an analysis of information collected by the pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001 Jul;132(7):1009-16.
  18. Morgan MA, Cragan JD, Goldenberg RL, et al. Management of prescription and nonprescription drug use during pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010 Aug;23(8):813-9.
  19. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2014-15 Definitions, Oral Health Policies, and Clinical Guidelines. Clinical Practice Guidelines. Guideline on informed consent. Reference Manual. Vol. 36(6):310-312. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  20. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 2014-15 Definitions, Oral Health Policies, and Clinical Guidelines. Clinical Practice Guidelines. Guideline on oral health care for the pregnant adolescent. Reference Manual. Vol. 36(6):154-160. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  21. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry reference manual 2011-2012. Pediatr Dent. 2011;33(6 Reference Manual):1-349.
  22. Abbott P. Are dental radiographs safe? Aust Dent J. 2000 Sep;45(3):208-13.
  23. Ludlow JB, Davies-Ludlow LE, White SC. Patient risk related to common dental radiographic examinations: The impact of 2007 International Commission on Radiological Protection recommendations regarding dose calculation. J Am Dent Assoc. 2008 Sep;139(9):1237-43.
  24. White SC. 1992 assessment of radiation risk from dental radiography. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1992 Aug;21(3):118-26.
  25. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Radiation protection in dentistry; report no. 145. Bethesda, MD. NRCP Publications, 2003. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  26. Berthold M. JAMA dental radiography study bolsters ADA recommendations. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Jun;135(6):724. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  27. Maillie HD, Gilda JE. Radiation-induced cancer risk in radiographic cephalometry. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1993 May;75(5):631-7.
  28. Nowak AJ, Casamassimo PS. The handbook of pediatric dentistry. 4th Ed. Chicago. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2011.
  29. California Dental Association Foundation. Oral health during pregnancy and early childhood: Evidence-based guidelines for health professionals. Perinatal Oral Health Practice Guidelines, Feb 2010. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  30. US Food and Drug Administration. White Paper: FDA update/review of potential adverse health risks associated with exposure to mercury in dental amalgam, Jul 2009. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  31. Fleisch AF, Sheffield PE, Chinn C, et al. Bisphenol A and related compounds in dental materials. Pediatrics. 2010 Oct;126(4):760-8.
  32. Andrade SE, Gurwitz JH, Davis RL, et al. Prescription drug use in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Aug;191(2):398-407.
  33. Donaldson M, Goodchild JH. Pregnancy, breast-feeding and drugs used in dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 2012 Aug;143(8):858-71.
  34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Breastfeeding among U.S. children born 2001-2011, CDC National Immunization Survey. Page last updated November 18, 2014. Accessed February 19, 2015.
  35. American Academy of Pediatrics. AAP issues policy statement on the transfer of drugs and other chemicals into human milk. Am Fam Physician. 1994 May 1;49(6):1527-9.
  36. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on Fluoride Therapy. Clinical Guidelines. Reference Manual. 2014;36(6)171-74. Accessed March 19, 2015.
  37. Giglio JA, Lanni SM, Laskin DM, et al. Oral health care for the pregnant patient. J Can Dent Assoc. 2009 Feb;75(1):43-8.

Additional Resources

  • No Additional Resources Available