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  1. Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive, brain disorder resulting from degeneration of brain cells in the frontal lobe.
  1. The primary chemical neurotransmitter of the basal ganglia is _________________.
  1. The etiology of Parkinson’s disease is most likely ____________________.
  1. Abnormal involuntary movements are called ____________________.
  1. Which of the following items is NOT one of the four cardinal symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?
  1. ______________ is a neuropsychiatric symptom of Parkinson’s disease.
  1. Oral impairments from Parkinson’s disease may lead to ____________________.
  1. The ______________ rating scale measures motor symptoms to determine the level (stage) of disease.
  1. There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease.
  1. __________ is the most commonly prescribed drug intervention and is considered the “gold-standard” because it has been shown to be the most effective drug for treating Parkinson’s disease symptoms.
  1. Xerostomia, dry throat, bruxism, gingivitis, tongue edema, and abnormal taste are common oral adverse effects associated with Parkinson’s disease medications.
  1. Deep brain stimulation is irreversible and cannot be modified after surgery.
  1. Some patients may need to regulate the amount of _________ they eat because in some circumstances it may interfere with levodopa absorption.
  1. In the dental office, the medical history of a patient diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease should include:
  1. Medications to manage the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are most effective _____ minutes after the medication has been taken.
  1. It is unusual for Parkinson’s disease to change a patient’s ability to communicate.
  1. In patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, stressful dental appointments may exacerbate ____________________.
  1. ___________ increases the risk of aspiration and choking.
  1. Which of the following phrases should be avoided when practicing “Person Centered Language?”
  1. The National Parkinson® Foundation and the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation provide education and training for health care providers.