Test Preview

  1. Invasion and multiplication of bacteria in body tissues result in local cellular injury due to _______________.
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria?
  1. All of the following statements is correct with respect to odontogenic infections EXCEPT which one?
  1. Pharmacological strategies are predicated on targeting differences between prokaryotic bacterial and eukaryotic host cells. Selective toxicity can be achieved by _______________.
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to bacterial cell walls?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to inhibitors of cell wall synthesis EXCEPT which one?
  1. All of the following statements relative to inhibitors of DNA synthesis and integrity are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to inhibitors of transcription and translation?
  1. Uncomplicated odontogenic infections manifest primarily as caries; and pulpal, periodontal, and pericoronal problems with signs and symptoms that include pain, erythema, edema, and difficulty chewing.
  1. Complicated odontogenic infections reflect the extension of an uncomplicated odontogenic infection into surrounding tissue with Signs and symptoms that include lymphadenitis, trismus, difficulty swallowing or breathing; and less frequently, fever and hypotension.
  1. Which of the following statements about the routine use of antibacterial agents in the treatment of uncomplicated infections is correct?
  1. In a prospective study, a five-day course of penicillin administered to patients with acute pain related to a tooth with an amalgam restoration without clinical signs of infection, in the absence of definitive dental care, did not prevent the emergence of clinical signs of infection within 5 days.
  1. In a prospective study, a five-day course of penicillin administered to patients with acute pain related to a tooth with large periapical radiolucency, but without clinical signs of infection, in the absence of debridement did not prevent the development of clinical signs of infection within 5 days.
  1. In the treatment of draining sinus tract, there is convincing evidence that the routine administration of an antibacterial agent improves therapeutic outcome.
  1. There is convincing evidence that the routine administration of an antibacterial agent improves therapeutic outcome in association with which of the following conditions?
  1. Depending on pericoronitis-associated signs and symptoms, i.e., clinical evidence of induration as the infection is spreading buccally or lingually and the presence of trismus, the adjunctive antibacterial therapy may be appropriate.
  1. Which of the following conditions should be considered a complicated odontogenic infection and an indication for adjunctive antibacterial chemotherapy?
  1. Based on best available evidence, penicillin V potassium or amoxicillin formulations, alone or in combination with metronidazole; and clindamycin are reasonable empirical options to consider for the treatment of complicated odontogenic infections.
  1. The empirical antibacterial agent drug of choice should be an effective agent with the narrowest spectrum and the least potential for adverse drug effects.
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to primary line antibacterial chemotherapy?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to secondary line antibacterial chemotherapy?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to tertiary line antibacterial chemotherapy?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to the prevention of surgical-site infection in patients undergoing tooth extractions EXCEPT which one?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to the prevention of surgical-site infection in patients undergoing placement of dental implants EXCEPT which one?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to the prevention of infective endocarditis in patients undergoing dental procedures EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the conclusions of the 2014 Panel relative to prophylactic antibacterial chemotherapy in patients with prosthetic joins undergoing dental treatment?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the prevention of infection in patients with various medical conditions undergoing dental procedures?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the prevention of surgical-site infection in patients undergoing open reduction and fixation of mandibular fractures?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the prevention of surgical-site infection in patients undergoing head and neck oncology surgery?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to antibacterial drug-resistance?
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to gastrointestinal disturbances in association with antibacterial agents EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to hypersensitivity or other immune-related reactions to antibacterial agents?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to potential cardiac complications associated with macrolides antibacterial agents?
  1. Penicillins should be administered with caution to patients with central nervous system disorders because severe convulsive seizures and peripheral neuropathy, characterized by numbness or paresthesia of the extremities are common.
  1. Superinfections with Candida sp. can occur in association with all, but especially broad-spectrum antibacterial agents.
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to antibacterial agents and pregnancy?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to antibacterial agents and nursing?
  1. Which of the following statements is correct in relation to interactions between antibacterial agents and oral contraceptives?
  1. The ADA recommends that patients prescribed an antibacterial agent while also taking an oral contraceptive _______________.
  1. All of the following statements are correct with respect to the administration of antibacterial agents in oral healthcare settings EXCEPT which one?