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  1. The theory linking oral conditions and general body health first formulated in the early 20th century but now discredited was known as:
  1. During which period did evidence from scientific studies begin to emerge suggesting links between, particularly, periodontal disease and general health conditions?
  1. Which of the following is NOT a feature of periodontal disease?
  1. What percentage of the population aged 65 years and older had moderate or severe periodontitis according to the 2009/2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycle in the United States?
  1. The associations between periodontitis and various general health conditions seem to have a common factor of which of the following?
  1. Studies have shown that in patients with diabetes mellitus, periodontitis:
  1. The evidence from intervention studies that periodontal treatment reduces systemic inflammation as evidenced by oxidative stress, leading to improvements of measures of vascular endothelial function is:
  1. In clinical studies, which of the following have all been associated with the presence of periodontitis in the mother, when all other risk factors have been accounted for?
  1. For which of the following diseases/conditions have periodontal diseases NOT been associated to date?
  1. The condition Ludwig’s angina most usually follows from:
  1. Periodontitis is:
  1. While further research is needed into links between periodontal disease, inflammation and general health conditions, the main message for oral health care professionals should be: