1. Sigmund Freud claimed that bruxing _______________.
  1. Clenching can be described as _______________.
  1. Grinding can be described as _______________.
  1. Primary bruxism is divided into what types?
  1. The percentages of adults and children participating in awake bruxism are _______________.
  1. A lifestyle habit that can cause bruxism is _______________.
  1. Medical conditions such as ADHD, cerebral palsy and obsessive–compulsive disorder can increase the risks for patients to brux. Autism medication is not a condition associated with bruxism.
  1. Changes in teeth anatomy with the reduction of the crowns and opening up a tight contact through grinding is _______________.
  1. Visual signs of bruxism are _______________.
  1. _______________ can be the most challenging to control repercussions of grinding.
  1. The occlusal maximum force applied to the teeth during an episode of grinding can be as much as _______________.
  1. Patients will always experience chronic pain once bruxism starts. Myalgia pain is never a result of bruxism but of TMJ dysfunction.
  1. The masseter attachment trigger points at the upper superficial layer can have referred pain patterns to the mandible, teeth and gingival area. Bruxism can result in enlarged facial muscles producing a square jaw appearance.

  1. Symptoms and signs of bruxism are _______________.
  1. Radiographic images help identify bruxism by showing a  _______________.
  1. Home self-care remedies for bruxism and grinding pain include _______________.
  1. The goal of a night time appliance is to _______________.
  1. Epileptic medications, such as Tiagabine, may be used not only for seizures but also in reducing bruxism. Bradycardia occurs during bruxism episodes.
  1. Hypertension medications such as propranolol can provoke bruxing. Massaging facial muscles will exacerbate inflammation of the face and jaw caused by bruxism.
  1. Botox helps in the treatment of bruxism by _______________.