The most controversial section of forensic odontology is ______________.
A. dental identification
B. human abuse seen in the dental practice environment
C. dental age assessment
D. bitemark evidence analysis and comparison
Bitemark evidence opinions in the legal system ______________.
A. cannot be used for absolute biter identity
B. are supported by a numerical database linking suspect dentition to the bitemark
C. are supported by laboratory methods that establish a verifiable error rate
D. have been banned by the legal system
The Bitemark Evidence Flow Chart ______________.
A. consists of four basic steps
B. is used as a methodology to guide the bitemark examiner
C. allows high evidentiary bitemarks to be compared to suspect dentitions
D. directs the bitemark examiner to link a poor evidentiary bitemark to a suspect dentition
ABFO Bitemark Terminology and Guidelines which define the link between suspect dentitions and the bitemark include all of the following EXCEPT ______________.
A. suspect dentition excluded as creating the bitemark
B. suspect dentition not excluded as creating the bitemark
C. insufficient information
D. suspect dentition links to the bitemark such that the probable biter can be identified
Factors to consider when examining bitemark evidence include _______________.
A. skin tension lines
B. the incisal plane in all three dimensions
C. biting dynamics
D. All of the above.
When the primary investigator in a bitemark case has finished the analysis and comparison, _______________.
A. the agency requesting the examination of the evidence is called
B. the final report is written and sent to the authorities
C. all of the case evidence is sent to a second forensic odontologist for an independent, blinded review
D. the final report is written using the ABFO Bitemark Report Guidelines
Human abuse in today’s society is _______________.
A. an epidemic
B. regularly and accurately reported by practicing dentists to law enforcement
C. mandated to be reported in all its forms in all fifty states
D. an emphasis area of law enforcement such that abusers can be jailed
Abused children often present to the dental office _______________.
A. as happy go lucky children
B. with many injuries in various stages of healing
C. with stories about the injuries that always make sense for the injuries seen
D. with nurturing and supportive caregivers
The abusers are _______________.
A. usually quite poor
B. mentally ill
C. over intellectually challenged
D. None of the above.
Dental age assessment _______________.
A. is used to establish the age of majority (age 18) of an individual
B. is capable of establishing an exact age based on the characteristics used in the assessment
C. cannot be used in the legal system as it lacks reliability
D. is only used to age immigrants