One of the main goals of orofacial myofunctional therapy is to _______________.
A. identify tongue thrust
B. correct improper orofacial muscle movements and postures
C. fix mouth breathing
D. correct anterior open bites
Myofunctional therapy originated within the field of _______________.
A. speech-language therapy
B. general dentistry
The muscle that is NOT commonly targeted by the orofacial myologist is/are the _______________?
A. buccinator muscle
B. frontalis muscle
C. extrinsic tongue muscles
D. orbicularis oris muscle
The number of muscles that make up the tongue are _____?
The tongue muscle that is NOT innervated by the Hypoglossal (XII) nerve is the _______________?
B. inferior longitudinal
The most widely identified OMD is _______________.
B. mouth breathing
C. tongue thrust
D. thumb sucking
The teeth that are most commonly affected during tongue thrust behavior are _______________?
A. mandibular premolars
B. maxillary anteriors
C. maxillary molars
D. mandibular canines
At rest, the body of the tongue should be _______________.
A. high, near the palatal vault
B. between the dental arches
C. low, near the mandibular arch
D. location does not matter, as long as it is touching the maxillary teeth
A clinical sign often present with open mouth posture is _______________.
A. yellowing of the anterior teeth
B. larger central incisors
C. tense cheek muscles
D. inflammation on the anterior gingiva
The three categories of mouth breathing are _______________.
A. acute, chronic, habitual
B. long-term, short-term, obstructive
C. chronic, anatomic, habitual
D. habitual, obstructive, anatomic
Which behavior is NOT classified as a parafunctional habit?
B. Clenching of the teeth
C. Tongue thrust
D. Thumb sucking
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends intervention of oral sucking habits after what age?
A. 3 years
B. 1 year
C. 2 years
D. 16 months
The most obvious clinical signs of a sucking habit may be _______________.
A. posterior crossbite or fracturing
B. anterior open bite or posterior crossbite
C. posterior crossbite or supraeruption
D. anterior open bite or gingival inflammation
The factor(s) that affect the severity of malocclusion caused by thumb or finger sucking are _______________.
A. intensity, frequency, severity
B. intensity, duration, frequency
C. frequency, severity, intensity
D. None of the above.
Which sentence best describes orofacial myofunctional therapy?
A. Re-training exercises to correct tongue thrust behavior
B. Behavior modification to correct parafunctional habits
C. Adjunct therapy to be used with orthodontic therapy
D. Treatment to restore normal orofacial muscle function
Which of the following is NOT included in the broad goals of OMT?
A. Repositioning anterior teeth
B. Establish a lip seal
C. Correct tongue posture
D. Improve muscle tone
Myofunctional exercises often focus on training the anterior tongue to _______________ during rest and swallow.
A. move down towards the floor of the mouth
B. stay near the retroincisal spot
C. rest against the anterior teeth
D. move with the body of the tongue
What appliance has a metal gate-like portion used to block the tongue from exerting force on the anterior teeth?
A. Bluegrass appliance
B. Nance appliance
C. Herbst appliance
D. Crib appliance
What technique can be utilized to decrease orofacial muscular tension?
A current issue hindering the acceptance of orofacial myofunctional therapy is _______________.
A. not enough speech therapists
B. lack of standardized training and licensing
C. no need for services
D. cost of services
Current available training for myofunctional therapists includes _______________.
A. private mentoring
B. short courses
C. information within the educational curriculum
D. All of the above.