1. The maxillary sinus appears on the panoramic image as a radiopaque structure. The maxillary sinus is located over the maxillary premolars and molars.
  1. This anatomical landmark appears as a J or U-shaped radiopacity over the maxillary first molars.
  1. All of the following are advantages of digital panoramic imaging, except one. Which one is the exception?
  1. According to the ADA, which of the following meets the requirements for a "Complete Radiographic Series?"
  1. When the clinician interprets a panoramic image, it is important that they can differentiate between normal and abnormal anatomical landmarks. A radiolucent structure will appear white on a panoramic image.
  1. It is important for the clinician to be systematic when viewing the panoramic image to prevent overlooking anything that might be a deviation from normal. The dentition will be visible in Zone 2 when utilizing this systematic approach.
  1. Which of the following statements regarding Zone 5 is correct?
  1. This round radiopaque landmark is observed inferior to the mandibular incisors.
  1. To allow passage of the x-ray beam, the lead apron should not have a thyroid collar. In preparation to take the panoramic image, the clinician needs to have the patient remove jewelry, bobby pins, hearing aids, etc. from the head and neck.
  1. Lead aprons help provide protection for each of the following radiosensitive areas, except one. Which area is not protected by a lead apron?
  1. A ghost image in a panoramic image appears _______________.
  1. The anatomical landmarks of the _______________ are the floor of the orbit and the external auditory meatus.
  1. What patient positioning error occurred if the anterior teeth are narrowed and the spine is visible on the film?
  1. When positioning a patient, the ______________ must be kept perpendicular to the floor.
  1. What error can be observed on a panoramic image if the patient's tongue is not positioned directly against the hard palate during exposure?
  1. A panoramic image can be an effective tool for patient education. Panoramic images are helpful to determine if the wisdom teeth are properly developing.
  1. ALARA stands for _______________.
  1. The Image Gently in Dentistry campaign developed the "Six-Step Plan" to help minimize exposure in which patient population?