It is generally accepted that the patient has dry mouth if the unstimulated whole saliva (WS) flow rate is ______________.
A. < 10 mL/min
B. < 5 mL/ min
C. < 1 mL/min
D. < 0.1 mL/min
Potential causes of salivary include _______________.
A. head & neck irradiation
B. autoimmune disease
D. A and B
E. A, B and C
Which of the following statements concerning available lubricating agents is(are) true?
A. Most are available as OTC products.
B. Patient acceptance is variable.
C. There are good studies addressing clinical efficacy.
D. A and B
E. A, B and C
Which of the following statements concerning pilocarpine and cevimeline is(are) true?
A. Both bind to adrenergic receptors to increase in secretion of exocrine glands.
B. Commonly observed adverse effects include nausea, sweating, and GI discomfort, and urinary frequency.
C. Both increase the risk of mydriasis.
D. Both are approved by the FDA to treat dry mouth in the post head & neck irradiation patient.
Which drug used for recalcitrant severe aphthous ulcers is associated with teratogenic effects?
Which of the following is not an action of glucocorticoids?
A. Increase migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to sites of tissue injury.
B. Reverse capillary permeability associated with inflammation.
C. Suppress immune system activity.
D. Depress volume of the lymphatic system.
Potential adverse effects of glucocorticoid administration include _______________.
A. mucosal thinning
B. perioral dermatitis
C. candida superinfection
E. All of the above.
F. None of the above.
Topical glucocorticoids are often prescribed to treat _______________.
A. dry mouth
C. oral candidiasis
D. All the above.
The etiology of RAS is _______________.
B. nutritional lack
The least commonly observed form of RAS is _______________.
A popular extemporaneous mixture to treat RAS consists of the following agents EXCEPT one. What is the exception?
B. viscous lidocaine
C. Mylanta or Maalox
Most cases of EM are believed to be triggered by _______________.
A. a drug
B. a food
C. an unknown cause
The most common drug trigger for EM is _______________.
A. an NSAID
C. a sulfonamide
D. an anticonvulsant
The most dangerous and potentially deadly form of the EM spectrum is ____________.
The most common dermatologic disease to affect the oral cavity is _______________.
A. lichen planus
B. mucous membrane pemphigoid
Asymptomatic OLP is most typically associated with _______________.
A. the erosive form
B. the atrophic form
C. the reticular form
What is the best topical glucocorticoid to prescribe for the patient with multi-site OLP?
A. Fluocinonide 0.05% gel
B. Betamethasone valerate 0.1% ointment
C. Dexamethasone elixir 0.5mg/5mL
D. Clobetasol propionate 0.05% ointment
The autoimmune disease characterized by the formation of a subepithelial blister is _______________.
B. oral lichen planus
C. recurrent aphthous stomatitis
D. mucous membrane pemphigoid
The most worrisome extraoral site affected by MMP is _______________.
A. the larynx
B. the esophagus
C. the conjunctiva
D. the rectum
The test in which the tissue is gently rubbed to form a blister or slough is called _______________.
A. Ashkenazi sign
B. Nikolsky sign
C. Immunofluorescence sign
D. Tzanck sign