1. A dental clinician needs to be observant when treating patients who use drugs, alcohol or tobacco to _______________.
  1. Most scientists consider addiction to be a _______________ medical disease involving complex interactions among brain circuits, genetics, the environment and an individual.
  1. Surveyed patients in the _______________ years of age group, were more likely to lie or withhold information on their medical history regarding drug use, sexual history, and smoking habits, than patients 55 years or older.
  1. Men are more likely to lie about how much they drink on a medical history form.
  1. The process of moving from one addictive substance to another is called _______________.
  1. The Stages of Substance Abuse are _______________.
  1. Psychological dependence _______________.
  1. _______________ is approximately 50% responsible for determining if an individual develops an addiction.
  1. Tobacco is one of the most widely abused substances in the United States.
  1. Cigarette smokers are _____ more likely to need root canal therapy than non-smokers.
  1. If not detected early, approximately _____ of people diagnosed with Squamous Cell Carcinoma will die as a result of the cancer or from complications associated with it.
  1. Other names for chewing tobacco include _______________.
  1. Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems are a Federal Drug Administration approved tobacco cessation device.
  1. _______________ is now considered the Standard of Care by the American Dental Association and should be incorporated into your dental appointment protocols for substance user and abuser patients.
  1. Oral implications of alcohol abuse include all of the following EXCEPT _______________.
  1. The class of prescription drugs most commonly abused is _______________.
  1. Common reasons for the increased use of prescription drugs are _______________.
  1. Cannabis smoking may contribute to _______________.
  1. Methamphetamine users experience dental caries due to all the following EXCEPT _______________.
  1. Oral manifestations of heroin use can include _______________.
  1. The dental clinician should be aware of the indicators of substance abuse and have the knowledge to recognize and treat dental concerns when treating a patient who has a substance abuse problem.