1. The American Dental Association recommends brushing for at least 2 minutes, twice daily. What is the average time that an US adult brushes per day?
  1. Approximately what percentage of U.S. adults floss daily and consistently?
  1. Caries result from acid erosion of hard surfaces of the teeth due to metabolic acids produced from the metabolism of simple sugars.
  1. Community water fluoridation has been considered one of the most effective public health endeavors ever undertaken. The return on investment for each dollar spent on water fluoridation is up to:
  1. _______________ of US adults ages 20-44 years have untreated dental caries and _______________ of dentate adults have decay in a permanent tooth.
  1. Dental caries result more than 1.7 million missed school days in children under 18 years old. Children with poor oral health demonstrated similar scholastic performance to children with higher levels of oral wellness.
  1. On average, patients with periodontitis demonstrate _____ mm/year of attachment loss.
  1. The prevalence of periodontitis has been estimated to be over _____% of US adults?
  1. Periodontal disease is bacterially initiated, and disease progression is propagated by inflammatory host factors.
  1. In older individuals, toothbrushing at night before bed, using dental floss every day, and visiting the dentist were contributory factors for longevity among adults 65 years of age and older and never flossing increased risk of death by _____%.
  1. All of the following individuals/organizations have issued recent statements reaffirming the importance of interdental cleaning for oral health EXCEPT:
  1. According to 2014 Delta Dental Oral Health and Well-Being Survey 41% of Americans floss at least once daily and _____% never floss.
  1. Current ADA recommendations for oral hygiene include all of the following EXCEPT:
  1. Due to their superior bristle flexibility, toothbrushes with soft bristles are associated with greater subgingival and interproximal biofim removal.
  1. Flossing even 2-4 days per week was associated with a _______________ prevalence of periodontitis.
  1. Interdental brushes have been shown to remove _______________ biofilm interproximally when compared to floss and have demonstrated _______________ reductions in interproximal probing depth and gingival bleeding.
  1. In patients who have received previous periodontal care interdental brushes have been shown to be _______________ than floss overall.
  1. Manual toothbrushing alone is adequate in the treatment of gingivitis.
  1. Improvement in effectiveness of oral hygiene measures requires multiple rounds of oral hygiene instruction and reinforcement over time.
  1. Psychological interventions that have shown an improved effect on patient performance of oral hygiene measures include all of the following EXCEPT: