To establish a structurally stable sitting posture, what should you do first:
A. Tail-bone up
B. Establish a wide base of support
C. Shoulders down and back
D. Hinge from the hips to lean forward
A strategy in sitting for leaning forward to get closer to an object without bending at the low back is called what?
A. Hip hinging
B. Hip flexion
C. Lumbar shifting
D. Lumbar lordosis with thoracic stabilization
E. None of the above.
What controls the lumbar spine?
A. Base of support
C. Backrest on the chair
D. Thoracic spine position
E. Cervical spine position
When looking down, the best technique to use is what?
A. Spine compression test
B. Full cervical flexion
C. Capital hinging
D. Capital flexion
When describing a forward head position, the ear is forward of what structure?
A. Hip joint
C. AC joint
D. C7 vertebrae
How many degrees of freedom can you move in each plane and still be in a protective position?
Improvement in posture, a decrease in muscle tension and spasms, improved circulation and blood flow, and an increase in ROM are all benefits of:
C. Prolonged standing with a wide base of support and the use of hip hinging.
D. Test taking
E. Structurally stable sitting posture.
What muscles are targeted in the exercise "I don’t know?"
A. Pectoralis major and minor
B. Infraspinatus, teres minor, rhomboids, middle trapezius
C. Deltoids and lower trapezius
D. Transverse abdominis
E. Rectus abdominis
To minimize shearing forces in the knee when performing the lunge, it is important to keep the knee in line with the ankle.
"Balancing on your elbows and toes" describes what exercise?
A. "I don’t knows"
B. Full side planks
C. Doorway stretch
D. Half forward planks
E. Full forward planks
Transitioning from a standing to a sitting position has eliminated low back pain and other musculoskeletal disorders.
When selecting an operator’s chair, it should have the following:
A. A 3-point base, trunk support, and a pan type seat.
B. A 3-point base, lumbar support, and a saddle type seat.
C. A 5-point star base, lumbar support, a mechanism to create forward tilt.
D. A 5-point star base, trunk support, a saddle type seat.
E. None of the above.
The following strategies can assist in reducing ischial pressure:
A. Use of a pliable/forgiving seating surface
B. Tilting the back part of the seat down while keeping the front level
C. Using an aggressive backrest to support a lordosis
D. A and C
E. A, B and C
A seat should be adjusted so the hips and knees are equal in height or the knees should be slightly higher than the hips.
Which of the following backrest features does not support the lumbar curve?
A. Being adjustable
B. Cradling the trunk
C. Moving up and down
D. Moving front-to-back
E. None of the above, they all support the lumbar curve