1. In the latest figures available, the annual costs, including criminal justice, lost wages, medical treatment, etc. associated with the opioid epidemic in America were _______________.
  1. Approximately _____ people died due to opioid overdose daily in the United States in 2019.
  1. In what year did heroin become illegal in the United States?
  1. After concern of undertreatment of pain in the patient population, in 2001 the Joint Commission released a statement requiring pain assessment for _______________.
  1. In 2021, the Sackler family (owners of oxycontin makers Purdue Pharma) agreed to pay _______________ in a settlement with the US government regarding their marketing of oxycontin?
  1. An 11-line letter to the editor in the New England Journal of Medicine from 1980 was cited 608 times, _____% of which were in support of the statement that opioids are not addictive.
  1. Opioid prescription rates have been declining from a high in 2012 of 255 million prescriptions annually to ______________ prescriptions in 2019.
  1. What is the only country aside from the United States that allows pharmaceutical companies to advertise on television?
  1. In 2015 dentists prescribed _____% of all immediate release opioid medications in the United States.
  1. The younger a patient is when he/she is first exposed to opioid medications, it _______________ the risk of opioid misuse/abuse in the future.
  1. In a survey of high-school seniors, many nonmedical users of opioid prescriptions get those medications from previous prescriptions. It is estimated that what percentage of 14 to 17 year-olds receive opioid medications after third molar extractions?
  1. In a recent study of patients after third molar extraction, which post-operative pain control regimen demonstrated a higher level of efficacy?
  1. Mandatory use of the prescription drug monitoring program caused a _____% reduction in the quantity of opioids prescribed.
  1. Under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), all of the following are associated with a legitimate rationale for prescribing a controlled substance?
  1. Between 2005 and 2008, which of the following was NOT a leading cause of noncriminal sanctions against healthcare providers related to medical mismanagement?
  1. In their medical history collection, approximately _____ of dentists assess current alcohol use as part of their medical history and physical.
  1. Approximately half of dentists report consistently counseling patients regarding the potential side effects of opioid medications, but only _____ reports discussing non-medical use of these medications.
  1. Which of the following is NOT a question on the drug abuse screening test (DAST-10)?
  1. What is “doctor shopping” in the context of controlled substance misuse/abuse?
  1. Patients who report to the emergency department with a complaint of dental pain were _______________ to receive opioid prescriptions than those presenting with reports of pain from other sources.
  1. All of the following are mechanisms that dentists can employ to reduce risk to their patients while still providing adequate pain control, EXCEPT: