1. The pretreatment pulpal and periradicular diagnosis of a tooth begins with ____________.
  1. The first step in determining a patient’s tooth pain etiology is ____________.
  1. The difference between pulp sensibility tests and pulp vitality tests is ____________.
  1. Percussion tests determine ____________.
  1. Uraba et al reported that CBCT imaging is effective at detecting approximately which percentage more periapical lesions than are periapical radiographs?
  1. The pulpal diagnosis of reversible pulpitis is ____________.
  1. A pulpal diagnosis of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis is ____________.
  1. Which of the following statements is true in regard to the periradicular diagnosis of chronic apical abscess?
  1. Before giving local anesthesia to a patient ____________.
  1. If profound anesthesia cannot be achieved with a regional block alone, supplemental anesthesia should be administered, such as ____________.
  1. Chemomechanical root-canal preparation involves ____________.
  1. When initiating a modified crown-down filing technique ____________.
  1. The modified crown-down technique involves using ____________.
  1. Occlusion should be adjusted before performing endodontic treatment on posterior teeth because ____________.
  1. Residual canal debris is defined as ____________.
  1. A possible explanation(s) for residual canal debris is/are ____________.
  1. The most current trend in regard to sealers is ____________.
  1. The most consistent predictive factor for postoperative endodontic pain is ____________.
  1. It has been reported that significant reduction in odontogenic pain from inflammation can be seen from ____________.
  1. In a study by Segura-Egea et al, which antibiotic was more effective and had fewer side effects than pen VK?