1. The mean incidence of peri-implantitis has been reported to affect _____________ % of all implants.
  1. Definitive treatment of peri-implantitis has proven difficult and disease has been shown to recur in up to ___________% of cases, depending upon the treatment modality used.
  1. It is estimated that up to ____________ dental implants are placed each year in the United States.
  1. Peri-implant mucositis is defined as an inflammatory lesion confined to _______________ without __________________.
  1. Histologically, peri-implant lesions with similar clinical characteristics often have larger inflammatory lesions than periodontitis lesions around teeth.
  1. All of the following have been associated with an increased risk of peri-implantitis, EXCEPT:
  1. Failure rates for dental implants are increased in smokers up to _________ times.
  1. How long does it take for periopathogenic bacteria to colonize dental implant components after their exposure to the oral environment?
  1. In a case-control study, ____________% of healthy implants and ____________% of those diagnosed with peri-implantitis demonstrated retained cement upon surgical evaluation?
  1. LASER is an acronym for:
  1. Target tissues for lasers are also known as:
  1. Laser beam wavelength is one complete oscillation of the wave above the velocity axis. The most common range of wavelengths for lasers used in periodontology and implant dentistry ranges from 400 – 10,600 nm.
  1. The term “photodynamic therapy” refers to:
  1. Which of the following statements is true about Nd:YAG lasers:
  1. Adjunctive use of laser therapy has been shown to result in decreases in bleeding on probing at six months after treatment, but the effect on other clinical parameters demonstrated minimal benefit, if any.