TEST PREVIEW

  1. Which of the following statements related to cardiovascular drugs apply to oral healthcare providers (OHCPs)? OHCPs must _______________.
  1. Drugs taken by our patients are associated with at least 10,000 potential ADRs ranging from mild to severe illness and can lead to hospitalization, permanent disability, and even death; consequently, OHCPs are expected to have access to reliable informational resources.
  1. All of the following statements related to lipoproteins are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following classes of drugs are prescribed for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and/or as prophylaxis for coronary atherosclerosis?
  1. All of the following statement related to plasma volume depletion are correct EXCEPT which one? Plasma volume depletion _______________.
  1. Excessive Na+ and H2O retention, primarily a result of renal abnormalities, is responsible for volume-based hypertension and can also lead to transudative edema associated with heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and nephrotic syndrome.
  1. All of the following statement related to drugs indicated for the treatment of hypertension and/or as adjuncts in chronic edema states, and/or as adjuncts in the prevention and treatment of MI, HF, or diabetic nephropathy are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Vascular smooth muscle cells are the functional regulatory units responsible for maintaining vascular tone, which is ultimately is determined by the intracellular Ca2+ ion concentration.
  1. All of the following statement related to drugs that regulate vascular tone are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All of the following statement related to cardiac arrhythmias are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All of the following statement related to drugs that affect cardiac rhythm are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Cardiac glycosides, e.g., digoxin, inhibit Na+/K+-ATPase and thereby increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration in myocytes exerting a positive inotropic effect and are indicated for the treatment of heart failure.
  1. Thrombosis is characterized by the uncontrolled enlargement of clots that occlude blood vessels as a result of _______________.
  1. All of the following statements related to drugs that affect hemostasis and thrombosis are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. HTN is known as the “silent killer” because signs and symptoms, are not observed until the systolic BP is ≥180 mmHg or the diastolic BP ≥110 mmHg or until evidence of target organ damage manifests.
  1. All of the following statements related to the prescription of two or more agents from different drug classes to reach target BP in a particular patient are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following statements related to hypertension is correct?
  1. In addition to aggressive lipid lowering therapy and BP control, focused therapy in patients with chronic coronary artery disease, i.e., chronic stable angina pectoris may include _______________.
  1. All of the following statements related to acute coronary syndromes (ACS), i.e., unstable angina pectoris (UA) and MI are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Which of the following statements related to cardiac arrhythmias is correct?
  1. The goals in treating cardiac arrhythmias is to restore synchronous myocardial contraction and to prevent thromboembolic complications, when pharmacological strategies fail, a patient with cardiac arrhythmias requires a pacemaker or implanted cardiac defibrillator.
  1. All of the following statements related to HF are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. The treatment of HF includes _______________.
  1. All of the following statements related to thromboembolic complications are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Before elective dental care _______________.