1. Following extraction, the average vertical and horizontal reduction in bone dimensions is about how many mm?
  1. What is the correct order of socket healing?
  1. Which of the following is true regarding the benefits of alveolar ridge preservation?
  1. A safe distance of _____ is recommended between implant and adjacent teeth.
  1. The inter-implant distance of _____ is critical to maintain crestal bone levels.
  1. According to the classification by Benic et al, which of the following bone defects can be grafted along with simultaneous implant placement?
  1. According to the classification by Benic et al, what is the definition of a Class 3 bone defect?
  1. According to the classification by Benic et al, for a Class 5 defect, which of the following is the best type of membrane to use?
  1. Which of the following are considered additive bone augmentation procedures?
  1. Which of the following particulate graft materials are osteogenic, osteoinductive, and osteoconductive?
  1. According to the systematic review by Sanz et al, approximately how much horizontal augmentation can be achieved using the combination of xenograft, autograft, and bio-resorbable membrane?
  1. Autogenous grafts, although considered the gold standard, have which of the following disadvantages:
  1. When performing ridge expansion/split procedures, how much native bone is necessary in order to successfully perform and prevent fracture?
  1. Which method allows for bone preservation through slow plastic deformation and condensation of the native bone, resulting in increased density and primary stability of the implant?
  1. Lingual vertical incisions should be avoided in the mandible to avoid injury to which of the following nerves?
  1. What is the recommended safety distance from vital structures when placing implants?
  1. The mental foramen is generally located between _______________.
  1. In cases where the maxillary sinus has pneumatized slightly, limiting the vertical dimension, shorter implants may be placed and have been proven to be just as successful as longer implants.
  1. Decortication are believed to enhance blood clot formation, angiogenesis and cell migration. This is justified by the Regional Acceleratory Phenomena.
  1. Primary closure is imperative in GBR procedures because it allows for an environment unexposed to bacterial or mechanical insults. It also allows for more bone remodeling.
  1. Membrane exposures can occur as late as 6 months.
  1. Soft tissue complications which include dehiscence, membrane exposure, and infections/abscess occur at a rate of about _____.
  1. The survival of implants placed in augmented sites is usually less than 90%.