TEST PREVIEW

  1. All the following statements related to LAs are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to homeostatic mechanisms in excitable neuronal cells are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to action potential generation and LAs’ interaction with its receptors are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to the ability of LAs to cross biological membranes are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to LAs’ absorption into and distribution from the vascular compartment are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to LAs’ volume of distribution (Vd) and elimination half-life (T1/2β) are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements are correct with respect to the metabolism of LAs EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to adjuvants in LAs are corrects EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements relative to a LA’s potency are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements relative to a LAs’ onset of action are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to LAs’ duration of action are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. In general, which of the following is the LA of choice, because of its longer duration of action, when the use of a vasoconstrictor is contraindicated?
  1. A practical approach to determine the dosage of LAs in healthy adults is based on weight, e.g., milligram of drug per pound of body weight; however, if a patient’s weight is ≥150 lbs. no more than the maximum recommended dose (MRD) should be administered.
  1. All the following statements related to vasoconstrictors in LAs formulations are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to MRDs of LAs’ are correct EXCEPT which one.
  1. All the following statements related to LAs’ local toxicity are correct ECEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to LAs’ CNS toxicity are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. With high plasma concentration of LAs, early signs of reduced cardiac output include sweating, faintness, and altered mentation; followed by bradycardia, hypotension, and progressive cerebral hypoxia leading to seizures; and, finally, may progress to ventricular arrhythmias, atrioventricular block, and cardiac arrest.
  1. All the following statements related to  LA-induced allergic reactions are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to epinephrine toxicity are correct EXCEPT which one?
  1. Particularly vulnerable populations, even to the effects of therapeutic doses of epinephrine, include all the following EXCEPT which one?
  1. All the following statements related to the use of LAs containing a vasoconstrictor during pregnancy are correct EXCEPT which one?
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