DentalCare Logo

Evidence-based Decision Making: Introduction and Formulating Good Clinical Questions


Jane L. Forrest, EdD, BSDH; Lesley McGovern Kupiec, RDH, MSDH

Credit Hours:

2 Hour(s)


The primary learning objectives for this course are to: 1) increase your knowledge of evidence-based concepts, principles and skills, and 2) specifically how to formulate a good clinical question in order to find relevant evidence to answer...

View More

(Use this feature to create assignments for your students and staff.)


The primary learning objectives for this course are to: 1) increase your knowledge of evidence-based concepts, principles and skills, and 2) specifically how to formulate a good clinical question in order to find relevant evidence to answer that question.

The Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) process provides a mechanism for staying current in practice by addressing gaps in knowledge so that the clinician can provide the best care possible. To accomplish this, EBDM requires understanding new concepts and skills, the first and often the most difficult is how to ask an answerable question. This question provides the basis for identifying the key terms for conducting an efficient search, the second step of the EBDM process. These two steps provide the basis for the three that follow: critically appraising the evidence, applying the results in clinical practice, and evaluating the outcome. The EBDM approach recognizes that clinicians can never be completely current with all conditions, medications, materials, or available products, and provides a structured approach to keeping current.

  • Intended Audience:

    Dentists, Dental Hygienists, Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students

  • Date Course Online:

    Mar 1, 2008

  • Last Revision Date:

    Jul 1, 2021

  • Course Expiration Date:

    Jun 30, 2024

  • Cost:


  • Method:


  • AGD Subject Code(s):


Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to:

  • Define EBP (Evidence-based Practice).
  • Define EBDM (Evidence-based Decision Making) and its purpose.
  • Explain why EBP is not just a new term for an old concept.
  • Identify two principles of EBDM.
  • Discuss the need for EBDM.
  • Identify the levels of evidence and premise upon which they are based.
  • Describe the 5 steps and skills necessary for EBDM.
  • Formulate a good question using the PICO process.
  • Discuss the benefits of EBDM.


  • P&G is providing these resource materials to dental professionals. We do not own this content nor are we responsible for any material herein.
  • Participants must always be aware of the hazards of using limited knowledge in integrating new techniques or procedures into their practice.  Only sound evidence-based dentistry should be used in patient therapy.

Note:  Registration is required to take test.


Conflict of Interest Disclosure Statement

  • Dr. Jane Forrest has done consulting work for P&G and is a member of the P&G Oral Care Global Dental Hygiene Advisory Board. She has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
  • Ms. Lesley Kupiec worked part-time as a dental hygiene educator for P&G. She has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Jane L. Forrest

Jane L. Forrest


Dr. Forrest is a Professor Emerita of Clinical Dentistry, Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC, Los Angeles, CA. She also is the Director of the National Center for Dental Hygiene Research and Practice, Inc. Dr. Forrest is an internationally re...

View More
Lesley McGovern Kupiec

Lesley McGovern Kupiec


Submission Information

Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) Submission For credit transfers to appear in your AGD account in real time, make sure to add your AGD membership number in the field provided on the “Share Your Test Score” page.

CE Broker For all states that use CE Broker for licensure, “proof of completions” are electronically reported the first of every month. If a course was taken in November, the “proof of completion” will be submitted the beginning of December.



ADA CERP Recognized Provider

The Procter & Gamble Company is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider.

ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry.

Concerns or complaints about a dental CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at

AGD Pace Logo

Approved PACE Program Provider


Nationally Approved PACE Program Provider for FAGD/MAGD credit.

Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement.

8/1/2021 to 7/31/2027

Provider ID# 211886


AADH Approved Program Provider

Procter & Gamble is designated as an approved Provider by the American Academy of Dental Hygiene, Inc. #AADHPGC (January 1, 2022-December 31, 2023). Approval does not imply acceptance by a state or provincial Board of Dentistry. Licensee should maintain this document in the event of an audit.