Moderate sedation is a drug induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation (e.g., open, close...). No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway and spontaneous ventilation is adequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained. In this state, the reflex response to pain is not considered purposeful.
Educational Requirements for Moderate Sedation In addition to the nitrous oxide/oxygen course described under minimal sedation, the dentist must complete a minimum of 60 hours of didactic instructions as well as 20 adult clinically oriented cases. The dentist should also demonstrate competency in sedation techniques, airways management, as well as competence in management of deeper level of sedation including the use of reversal agents when warranted.