Ankyloglossia is a developmental anomaly of the tongue characterized by a short, thick lingual frenum resulting in limitation of tongue movement (partial ankyloglossia) or by the tongue appearing to be fused to the floor of the mouth (total ankyloglossia).
The significance and management of ankyloglossia are very controversial due to the lack of evidence-based studies to support surgical intervention. Frenectomy for functional limitations due to severe ankyloglossia should be considered on an individual basis.
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