Glossary

ankylosis – Abnormal fusion of the tooth with the bone (joining together).

avulsed – Entire tooth is knocked out.

axially – Referring to the long axis of the tooth.

condyle – The posterior bony process that extends up from the mandible.

crazing – To become covered with fine cracks.

edema – Swelling.

extrusion – Tooth is partially forced out due to injury or purposeful orthodontic treatment.

intrusion – Tooth is driven into the alveolar process.

malocclusion – The contact between the maxillary and mandibular arches, whereby the positioning of the teeth are not in accordance with the usual rules of anatomic form.

mobility – State of the tooth being mobile.

necrotic – Death of living tissue.

pulpal necrosis – Death of pulpal tissue.

Sports dentistry – Involves the prevention and treatment of orofacial athletic injuries and related oral diseases, as well as the collection and dissemination of information on dental athletic injuries and the encouragement of research in the prevention of such injuries.