Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to:

  • Appreciate the importance of developing communication skills for discussing bad breath concerns with patients.

  • Identify the primary source of oral malodor.

  • List the sulfur compounds most commonly associated with bad breath.

  • Identify systemic disorders and medications known to contribute to oral malodor.

  • Explain the four progressive levels in the P-LI-SS-IT communication model: Permission, Limited Information, Specific Suggestions, and Intensive Therapy.

  • Describe interview strategies used by clinicians to facilitate patient counseling.

  • Observe the American Dental Association’s (ADA) Code of Professional Conduct for the Dental Profession recommending bad breath treatments.