Case Study 4: Periodontitis

Introduction

My fourth patient today is Martin, a 47-year-old male nonsmoker with a history of gingivitis. He reports a loose tooth, bad breath, and bleeding gingivae. His last visit was several years ago. We will perform an examination and evaluate for treatment and possible referral if appropriate.

Dr. Lee to Martin: "Hi Martin. The last time I saw you, your gums were swollen and painful. Today we will take a careful look at your gums and teeth, and then the dental hygienist will perform a thorough cleaning and review proper oral care with you. The other people with us today are future dentists, who are here to observe."

Image: Oral health care provider reviewing a chart with a patient.

Martin receives an updated set of dental radiographs, or x-rays, before the examination.