Image: Proper flossing techniques.

Dr. Lee to John: "Now you will receive a thorough cleaning to remove accumulated calculus as well as polish your teeth.

In addition to performing prophylactic cleanings, the dental hygienist or oral health therapist also helps patients by reviewing proper tooth brushing and flossing techniques. In some countries and in many states, a dental hygienist may perform or assist with additional procedures.

Proper daily brushing minimizes tooth decay and the risk of gingival disease. Proper daily flossing removes food particles trapped between the teeth and below the gingival crest.

Dr. Lee to John: "Let’s schedule a follow-up appointment for a routine checkup and cleaning in six months."