Orthodontics, the first specialty in dentistry, emphasizes proper occlusion and tooth alignment, as well as ideal dental and facial esthetics. The American Association of Orthodontists estimates that three-quarters of the US population could benefit from orthodontic care, so it’s important for dental professionals to understand the basic elements of orthodontics. This course reviews the need for orthodontic treatment, diagnostic procedures and records, biological factors affecting tooth movement, goals of orthodontic treatment, categories of treatment, popular orthodontic devices and oral hygiene considerations.