- Also called tartar.
- A mineralized, hard deposit derived from plaque biofilm and salivary mineral salts.
- Forms on tooth and root surfaces and oral appliances.
- An anterior tooth
- The sharp, pointed tooth, located at the corners of the mouth and outside the incisors
- There are 4 canine teeth – 2 maxillary (right and left) and 2 mandibular (right and left)
- Produce or promote tooth decay. Simple sugars such as glucose are cariogenic
Cementoenamel Junction (CEJ)
- Represents the anatomic limit between the crown and root surface. The area of union of the cementum and enamel at the cervical region of the tooth.
- It can be observed as an irregular line of color change. It can usually be felt as a “jump” with an explorer.
- It is used as a fixed point of reference.
Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL)
- Movement of the supporting structures of a tooth in an apical direction, usually the result of periodontal disease
- What this means is that some of the alveolar bone is destroyed and the junctional epithelium, the soft tissue attachment, moves apically.
- With enough CAL, the tooth becomes loose and may be lost.
- The depression in the gingival tissue underneath a contact area between the lingual papilla and facial papilla.
- Volcano-shaped tissue beneath area where 2 teeth contact one another.