1. Bick R. Disorders of thrombosis and hemostasis: clinical and laboratory practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2002.
  2. Little JW, Falace D, Miller C, Rhodus NL. Dental management of the medically compromised Patient. 7th ed. St Louis, MO. Mosby Elsevier. 2008.
  3. Terezhalmy GT, Lichtin AE. Antithrombotic, anticoagulant, and thrombolytic agents. Dent Clin North Am. 1996 Jul;40(3):649-64.
  4. Sonis ST, Fazio R, Fang LS. Oral medicine secrets. Philadelphia: Henley and Belfus. 2003.
  5. Cotran RS, Kumar V, Collins T. Robbins SL. Pathologic basis of disease. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 1999.
  6. Anderson K, Anderson LE. Mosby's pocket dictionary of medicine, nursing, & allied health. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby. 1994.
  7. DeLong L, Burkhart NW. General and oral pathology for the dental hygienist. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2008.
  8. Detmer WM. Pocket guide to diagnostic tests. 1st ed. Norwalk, Conn.: Appleton & Lange. 1992.
  9. Sonis ST, Fazio RC, Fang, LS. Principles and practice of oral medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. 1995.
  10. Peterson P, Hayes TE, Arkin CF, et al. The preoperative bleeding time test lacks clinical benefit: College of American Pathologists' and American Society of Clinical Pathologists' position article. Arch Surg. 1998 Feb;133(2):134-9.
  11. Kamal AH, Tefferi A, Pruthi RK. How to interpret and pursue an abnormal prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and bleeding time in adults. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007 Jul;82(7):864-73.
  12. Karger R, Donner-Banzhoff N, Müller HH, et al. Diagnostic performance of the platelet function analyzer (PFA-100) for the detection of disorders of primary haemostasis in patients with a bleeding history-a systematic review and meta-analysis. Platelets. 2007 Jun;18(4):249-60.
  13. Brennan MT, Wynn RL, Miller CS. Aspirin and bleeding in dentistry: an update and recommendations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007 Sep;104(3):316-23.
  14. Stern R, Karlis V, Kinney L, Glickman R. Using the international normalized ratio to standardize prothrombin time. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997 Aug;128(8):1121-2.
  15. Jeske AH. Mosby's dental drug reference. 8th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier. 2008.
  16. Ardekian L, Gaspar R, Peled M, et al. Does low-dose aspirin therapy complicate oral surgical procedures? J Am Dent Assoc. 2000 Mar;131(3):331-5.
  17. Gupta A, Epstein JB, Cabay RJ. Bleeding disorders of importance in dental care and related patient management. J Can Dent Assoc. 2007 Feb;73(1):77-83.
  18. Lexicomp Online, Dental Lexi-Drugs Online, Hudson, Ohio: Lexi-Comp, Inc.; 2014. Accessed November 23, 2014.
  19. Aframian DJ, Lalla RV, Peterson DE. Management of dental patients taking common hemostasis-altering medications. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007 Mar;103 Suppl:S45.e1-11.
  20. Jeske AH, Suchko GD; ADA Council on Scientific Affairs and Division of Science; Journal of the American Dental Association. Lack of a scientific basis for routine discontinuation of oral anticoagulation therapy before dental treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003 Nov;134(11):1492-7.
  21. Muthukrishnan A, Bishop K. An assessment of the management of patients on warfarin by general dental practitioners in South West Wales. Br Dent J. 2003 Nov 22;195(10):567-70.
  22. Jover-Cerveró A, Poveda Roda R, Bagán JV, Jiménez Soriano Y. Dental treatment of patients with coagulation factor alterations: an update. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007 Sep 1;12(5):E380-7.
  23. Key NS, Negrier C. Coagulation factor concentrates: past, present, and future. Lancet. 2007 Aug 4;370(9585):439-48.
  24. Israels S, Schwetz N, Boyar R, McNicol A. Bleeding disorders: characterization, dental considerations and management. J Can Dent Assoc. 2006 Nov;72(9):827.
  25. Brewer AK, Roebuck EM, Donachie M, et al. The dental management of adult patients with haemophilia and other congenital bleeding disorders. Haemophilia. 2003 Nov;9(6):673-7.
  26. Spolarich AE, Andrews L. An examination of the bleeding complications associated with herbal supplements, antiplatelet and anticoagulant medications. J Dent Hyg. 2007 Summer;81(3):67.
  27. Ibsen OA, Phelan JA. Oral pathology for the dental hygienist. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders. 2004.
  28. Patatanian E, Fugate SE. Hemostatic mouthwashes in anticoagulated patients undergoing dental extraction. Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Dec;40(12):2205-10.

Additional Resources

  • No Additional Resources Available