Primary Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

To reduce the risk of developing diabetes, individuals at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes are recommended to engage in lifestyle changes that lead toward moderate weight loss (7% body weight), regular physical activity (150 minutes per week), dietary strategies of reduced calories and reduced intake of dietary fat, as well as achieving the U.S. Department of Agriculture recommendation for dietary fiber (14 g fiber/1,000 kcal) and foods containing whole grains. Physical activity and behavior modifications are important components of weight loss programs and are essential towards achieving and/or maintaining a desired weight.35