Dentists prescribe several categories of medications to manage a variety of diseases and conditions associated with the oral cavity. Among these conditions are bacterial, fungal and viral infections, pain, and caries prevention. The prescription of medications is more complicated than in the past with clinicians dealing with an increasing number of issues such as microbial resistance to prescribed antibiotics and drug interactions with an increase in the number of medications used by both adult and pediatric patients. The administration of drugs to pediatric patients is further complicated by the necessity to adjust the dosages of medications to accommodate their lower weight and body size. In this course the reader will find descriptions of the most commonly used medications used in dental care with emphasis on the pediatric patient. As you review the medications you will see that the dose and instructions on how to take them will vary from patient to patient, depending on the patient’s age, weight and other considerations. The categories of medications covered by this course are antimicrobials, which include antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals, analgesics, and fluorides.