The attached gingiva of the maxillary and mandibular arches is visually examined using both direct and indirect vision. The tissues should appear pale pink and homogenous in color and texture (Figure 55). Following the visual examination, the attached gingiva is palpated using a digital technique as shown in Figure 56.
The tissue should feel firm to touch and tightly attached to the bone. The most common atypical finding in the area of the attached gingiva is exostoses (Figure 57).
Pathologic findings include:
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