Physical maltreatment – inflicting, or threatening to inflict, physical pain or injury on a vulnerable elder, or depriving the elder of a basic need.
Sexual maltreatment – infliction of non-consensual sexual contact of any kind.
Emotional or psychological maltreatment – infliction of mental or emotional anguish or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts.
Financial or material exploitation – illegal taking, misuse, or concealment of funds, property, or assets of a vulnerable elder.
Neglect – refusal or failure by those responsible to provide food, shelter, health care, or protection to a vulnerable elder.
Self-neglect – the behavior of an elderly person that threatens his/her own health or safety.
Abandonment – the desertion of a vulnerable elder by anyone who has assumed the responsibility for care or custody of that person.13