ADHD is a risk factor for dental caries.12,27,32 One study indicated that children with ADHD are 12 times more likely to have a higher DMFT than non ADHD children.7 The reasons for this are multifaceted. ADHD symptoms influence an individual’s ability and/or motivation to maintain a good standard of oral hygiene. In addition, parents often reward children with cariogenic treats. Side effects of medication, particularly xerostomia, reduce the saliva’s buffering capacity leading to an increased risk of decay. Finally, those experiencing xerostomia often turn to consumption of soft drinks to alleviate the dry mouth.7
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