Understanding how fermentable carbohydrates influence the oral environment, and in turn, caries risk, is key to helping the dentist teach the patient about effective caries prevention.  To that end, it is important for the dentist to understand the factors that affect food’s cariogenicity and the Stephan responses of plaque pH to challenges by fermentable carbohydrates.
Figure 10.
Caries Lesion Initiation and Progression - Fermentation Produces Acid Leading to Demineralization
Figure 11.
Caries Lesion Initiation and Progression - Demineralization