Dental erosion is becoming increasingly prevalent and its damaging effect is emerging as a serious public health issue. There is no doubt that erosive tooth surface loss can become pathological, leading to complications such as pain, dentin hypersensitivity, pulpal inflammation, and increased caries risk, if measures are not taken to prevent the loss of dental tissue. Knowing the factors that promote dental erosion as well as preventive strategies can go a long way in averting erosion or significantly slowing its progression. The use of fluoride toothpaste formulated with stabilized stannous fluoride is particularly useful for its ability to deposit an invisible barrier layer onto exposed tooth surfaces that aids in the prevention of dental erosion. Becoming familiar with how to assess the level of damage and treat it can prevent the onset of related complications.