This section has outlined concepts related to oral health promotion and education. To be successful at promoting healthful caries-reducing changes in patients, dental professionals should recognize the multiple and complex factors and barriers that influence behavior and the ability and willingness to change unhealthy habits. It has also been established that using clear, effective communication and setting specific goals with patients can go a long way in helping a patient to benefit from a dental professional’s knowledge about the causes of caries and caries prevention.