Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to:

  • Understand basic laser physics.
  • Describe the concept of stimulated emission and what is an active medium.
  • Differentiate between the concepts of energy versus power.
  • Describe the difference between average power and peak power.
  • Understand the three different laser emission modes and their role in peak power and thermal effects on target tissue.
  • Understand the impact of pulse duration on peak power and thermal effects on target tissue.
  • Define thermal relaxation.
  • State the four types of tissue interaction.
  • Define chromophore.
  • Know the tissue temperatures that result in hyperthermia, coagulation, denaturation, vaporization, and carbonization.
  • Describe the four major categories of dental lasers in use today.
  • State the three safety practices required for all laser types.
  • Understand the role of laser fluorescence in caries diagnosis and management.
  • Know which types of lasers can be used on hard tissue.
  • Understand the basic principles of hard tissue ablation and laser restorative techniques.
  • Describe the various soft tissue surgical techniques.
  • Understand laser assisted irrigation and its role in endodontics.
  • State uses of photobiomodulation in dentistry.