CO2 lasers have been popular in oral surgery due to their precise incisions and excellent hemostasis. Erbium lasers are capable of cutting bone in a less traumatic fashion and can be quite useful for the following procedures:
Nd:YAG and diodes have biostimulative properties that can be used to promote healing, osteogenesis, and post-operative comfort. They also have been shown to have potent inhibitory effects on bacteria and fungi.29 Nd:YAG lasers can also form fibrin rapidly in an extraction site creating a quick and more durable clot. An interesting application of dental lasers is in the treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). MRONJ occurs because the drugs inhibit osteoclastic activity which is needed whenever bone is surgically manipulated. When the necrotic bone is removed with an Er:YAG laser the remaining bone is so minimally traumatized that osteoclastic needs are minimized. Nd:YAG biostimulation can be used concurrently or separately to promote bone healing as well. Recent studies have shown superior results when compared to traditional surgical approaches when lasers are used.11,14,15,17
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